The MASTER PLAN "Land Use & Circulation Plan" is being updated to incorporate recommendations/comments from the public hearings and the Planning Board. The April 2014 version available here DOES NOT reflect these changes. The updated November 2014 version will be posted here.
DOWNLOAD APRIL 2014 (NOT UPDATED) VERSION.
What is the Master Plan?
What is the Master Plan?
One of the primary functions of the Planning Board is overseeing preparation and adoption of a Mast Plan. This plan evaluates the Township’s existing land use and circulation conditions and provides recommendations regarding the Township’s land use and mobility policies.. The Master Plan is the official public policy for the Township, providing the basis for not only zoning, but also for public improvements (such as streets and sidewalks) and public programs (such as affordable housing). The process of preparing and adopting the Master Plan requires an integrated outreach program that engages the community and various stakeholders to discuss issues, evaluate strategies and achieve consensus on the recommendations in the Plan. This process is what provides credibility to the Plan as a public policy document.
The Master Plan comprises various elements that, according to New Jersey statute, must include a statement of goals and objectives, a land use plan and a housing plan. Optional elements include, but are not limited to, a circulation plan, utility plan, community facilities plan, recreation plan, conservation plan, economic development plan, historic preservation plan, recycling plan and sustainability plan.
Master Plans are often adopted as separate elements as time and funding permit. The Montclair Township Master Plan comprises different elements that have been adopted by the Planning Board and includes the following:
- Land Use & Circulation Plan. The Land Use and Circulation Plan is currently under review by the Planning Board, with public hearings and discussions currently under way. This plan evaluates the Township’s existing land use and circulation conditions and provides recommendations regarding the Township’s land use and mobility policies.
- Housing Plan. The Housing Element and Fair Share Plan was adopted by the Planning Board in 2008, with an amendment in 2009. This plan evaluates the Township’s existing housing stock and establishes the Township’s need for affordable housing pursuant to State requirements. The Plan proposes ordinance changes and programs to provide additional affordable housing in the Township.
- Conservation Plan. The Conservation Plan was adopted by the Planning Board on June 29, 2007. This plan evaluates the Township’s natural resources and proposes strategies to protect these resources.
- Stormwater Management Plan. The Stormwater Management Plan was adopted by the Planning Board in April 2005 and establishes stormwater goals for the Township, provides design and performance standards for stormwater, and proposes ordinance changes for nonstructural stormwater management strategies.
- Historic Preservation Plan. The Historic Preservation Element was adopted by the Planning Board in 1993. This plan evaluates the Township’s historic resources and proposes the creation of a historic landmarks and districts to protect these resources.
Master Plan Reexamination Report
New Jersey statute requires that the Planning Board formally revisit the Master Plan and development regulations at least every ten years. This evaluation is called a “reexamination report.” The purpose of the reexamination report is to evaluate the following:
- The major problems and objectives related to land development at the time of the adoption of the last reexamination report;
- The extent to which such problems or objectives have changed;
- The extent to which there have been significant changes in the assumptions, policies, and objectives forming the basis for the Master Plan or development regulations as last revised;
- Specific changes recommended for the master plan or development regulations, if any; and
- Recommendations of the Planning Board concerning the incorporation of redevelopment plans pursuant to the Local Housing and Redevelopment Law.
The Montclair Township Planning Board has periodically prepared and adopted master plan reexamination reports as required by statute. The latest Master Plan Reexamination Report was adopted by the Planning Board in April 2006.
See redevelopment areas map
Montclair Township has used redevelopment since the 1940’s as a tool to address areas in the Township that face various issues affecting development. Redevelopment plans are a unique blend of planning and zoning that requires the cooperation of both the Planning Board and the Township Council. Under the New Jersey Local Housing and Redevelopment Law, redevelopment plans can be either prepared by the Planning Board or reviewed by the Planning Board, but must be adopted by the Township Council. The following redevelopment plans are currently in effect in Montclair Township:
- Eastern Gateway Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council on July 9, 2013.
- Montclair Center Gateway Phase 1 Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council on October 4, 2011 and last amended on March 4, 2014.
- Elm/New and Mission Area Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council on September 11, 2007 and last amended on March 11, 2008.
- Deteriorated Housing Project Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council on January 7, 2007.
- Amended Hahne’s Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council in July 2003 and was last amended on June 12, 2012.
- Pine Street Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council in June 2003.
- Community Hospital Redevelopment Plan. This plan was adopted by the Township Council in December 2002.
- Bay Street Station Redevelopment Plan Phase 2. This plan was adopted by the Township Council on September 25, 2001 and revised on August 10, 2004.
- Bay Street Station Redevelopment Plan Phase 1. This plan was adopted by the Township council on January 18, 2000.